16 Study the following pictures carefully and write an essay in which you should:
1. describe the two pictures;
近年四六级跑题率很高，审题是关键，建议关注1 体裁+话题；2内容要求：英文提示/汉语提纲；3字数。如13年6月六级“Earth provides enough to satisfy every man’s need, but not every man’s greed。” 应关注四类词：名动形副，如earth, satisfy, man, greed等，对应写现象、意义、建议或危害。以下是指导范文，希望广大考生认真学习参考。
2. interpret their meaning;
伟德体育官方网站 ， 话题1：老年人孤独生活
3. point out the consequences for this phenomenon.
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay. You should start your essay with a brief description of the picture and then express your views on the lonely life of aged people. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.
You should write 160~200 words neatly on ANSWER SHEET 2.
在写作中，审题这个环节是非常重要的。在图画作文中，我们不仅要仔细审视图画，还应将英文的提纲看清楚。这篇文章配了双图，双图多是表示对比关系，这里是凸显时间的先后。提纲包括三个部分：描写图画、阐释含义和指出后果，这就决定了我们文章的结构走向。Two pictures above describe a story which we would never wish to encounter. In the first one, a large crowd gathered around a man lying on the ground. One person said, “He seems to be drunk.” Another whispered, “His head and hands seem to be bleeding.” In the second picture, a policeman is asking those who were present, “Why didnt send him to hospital?” The first one said, “I was hurrying to work.” The second one said, “I was hurrying to school.”
Given is a simple but thought-provoking cartoon: an aged grandma sits in front of mirror, looking at “herself” in the mirror and saying to herself, “I feel rather lonely when my son goes to work and my grandson studies in school.”
It is quite obvious that the drawer wishes to draw our attention to this most unfavorable social phenomenon. Many people are used to finding all kinds of excuses to shirk their responsibilities of helping those who are in need of help. In their eyes, their own daily businesses are always more important than those of the strangers, even their lives.
This phenomenon will bring a series of harmful consequences. First, when people refuse to take care of the strangers, the danger of accidents will be much higher, because you have only a small group of people to rely on whenever emergency arises. Everyone may come across accidents from time to time, and mutual help will prevent most of them from being destructive. Second, the possibility of attaining a happy life will be much smaller. If everyone only takes his own interests into consideration in face of big events, the society will be full of selfish people. The social cost of achieving success will remain high before cooperation becomes a habit.
Obviously, this cartoon can be naturally associated with the significance of children’s accompany for aged parents: if elderly people intend to enjoy happiness, it is advisable for their children to spend more time in parents. In contemporary society, it has become a trend for young people to be busy with their work and study. Meanwhile, an increasing number of youngsters find it difficult to have spare time to accompany lonely parents. However, it is adult children’s accompany that enables aged parents to build up adequate hope, love and enthusiasm for life. As a matter of fact, young people in large numbers have not come to realize the loneliness of aged people.
If any one of us wants to enjoy a happy and secure life, we have to be prepared to extend our helping hands to others including strangers, for helping others is equal to helping ourselves. 这篇文章最终写成了四段，结构非常清晰。第一段分别描写了两副图画，语言简洁流畅。注意这一段不宜过长。
As is vividly portrayed in the cartoon， two people are climbing the mountain together。 One of them sits on a higher step with his backpack beside his feet and complains， “I‘m tired， I don’t want to climb anymore。” However， the partner carrying a bag catches up with him and hands him a bottle of water， he says， “Come on， take a break then continue to climb。” Under the picture lies a caption： On the Way。
二段首句：图画联系主题；之后if句为图画简单评论；in contemporary society一句为图画所暗含的社会现象；meanwhile一句为相关人+具体感受；however之后为强调句式，论述意义；尾句是万能总结。
第二段是测度作者的意图，共三句话，第一句是一个经典句型：It is quite obvious that the drawer wishes to draw our attention to… 这句话直指图画所揭示的社会现象，后面两句来具体说明：先说许多人千方百计找理由以逃避帮助他人；然后解释原因，他们认为……注意段中句子之间的逻辑关系，这是非常重要的。
The impressive drawing has profoundly revealed that the process of our life is just like the mountain-climbing and only by adjusting our own pace and persisting in our goals can we reach a higher life realm。 We had lots of dreams when we were kids， but few were realized。 For one thing， all kinds of interference make us give up sticking to dreams。 For another， we haven‘t integrated dreams into our life because of being anxious for success。 The most common instance is that when we want to improve our health or obtain a better figure， majority of us may determine to do exercise， but often end in laziness and various excuses。
As a youngster, I am convinced that it is of great necessity for us to accompany aged parents, no matter how busy we are. Accordingly, we should educate, advocate and encourage our friends, classmates and acquaintances tolove, respect and care all elderly people. (196 words)
As the saying goes， the end of man is the beginning of God， only those who do their best can get the favor of heaven and enjoy the joy of victory。 It is advisable for us， positive climbers， to view persistence and struggle as a lifestyle。 May we enjoy the richness and beauty of life if we take these cognition into action。
第二段的第二句中的shirk ones responsibility表示“逃避责任”。第三段第二句的emergency表示“紧急情况”。第三句的destructive表示“造成重大损害的”。第五句的in face of表示“面临”。最后一句的cooperation becomes a habit表示“合作成为一种习惯”。1.文章的结构层次一定要清楚，这是充分理解提纲与图画构成语境的结果。
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay by commenting on the remark “It is unbelievable for people to believe what they should not believe: Internet rumors。” You can cite some examples to illustrate your point. You should write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words.
Given is a simple but thought-provoking remark: “it is unbelievable for people to believe what they should not believe: Internet rumors。” Obviously, this saying can be naturally associated with the seriousness of rumors: if we intend to have a positive Internet environment, it is advisable to eliminate/refuse rumors. (51)
典型的条件状语从句：If everyone only takes his own interests into consideration in face of big events, the society will be full of selfish people.
In contemporary society, it has become a trend for individuals to surf the Internet for the information they need. Meanwhile, an increasing number of people find it rather difficult to distinguish the true news from rumors. Searching the Internet, we can notice a great many examples like this: false news, ads and pictures. (危害) Then, it is these rumors that lead the public to be cheated, confused and even panic. As a matter of fact, experts in large numbers have come to realize the importance of Internet honesty.
嵌套原因状语从句的条件状语从句：If any one of us wants to enjoy a happy and secure life, we have to be prepared to extend our helping hands to others including strangers, for helping others is equal to helping ourselves.
As a regular Internet surfer, I am convinced that it is of great necessity for government to punish rumor makers. Accordingly, we should educate, advocate and encourage our friends, classmates and acquaintances to refuse making and spreading rumors. Sparing no efforts to do so, we will witness a hopeful and promising future of Internet life.
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Directions：For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled Should Retirement Age Be Postponed? You’d write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words. Your writing should be based on the following outline.
Based on a recent survey on the Internet, a majority of individuals admit that aging society will bring a variety of problems to their life. Along with the trend of longevity, it has become a trend for people to debate whether it is wise to postpone retirement age.
A number of individuals favor postponing the retirement age. In their eyes, it is this policy that enables the aging society to build up enough work-force. As a matter of fact, people in mounting numbers have come to realize this problem in an aging society. Even so, others hold a different view that postponing retirement age carries some risks. This policy can bring old people stress, but cannot arouse their enthusiasm for work, and cannot help them to enjoy their retirement pension.
I am convinced that we should take into account the wishes of old people. If those seniors have enthusiasm for work, we should educate, advocate and encourage them to work and perform their tasks; if not, it is advisable for the society to create a comfortable twilight for them. If we try our utmost to do so, the future of old people’ life will be promising and hopeful. (187 words)
For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled Education Pays based on the statistics provided in the chart below (Weekly earnings in 2010). Please give a brief description of the chart first and then make comments on it. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.
Given is a simple but enlightening chart by US Bureau of Labor: (图表描述万能) in2010，it had become a trend for doctors, masters and bachelors to earn more money in a week in US--- $1551, $1272 and $1038. Meanwhile, we can notice that weekly earnings of college graduates with no degrees, those with high school diploma and people with less than high school diploma were $712, $626 and $444 respectively.
Obviously, this chart can be naturally associated with the importance of education: if individuals intend to acquire/ gain/ get better earnings, it is advisable for them to gain higher degrees. In contemporary America, it has become a trend for a host of companies/firms/corporations/ organizations to hire doctors and masters and pay them better salaries. It is education that enables them to build up adequate knowledge, skills and ability to deal with important tasks. As a matter of fact, employees and employers in large numbers have come to realize the significance of higher degrees.
As a college student, I am convinced that it is of great necessity for youngsters to enhance ourselves by studying hard and getting better degrees. Do bear in mind: education is a worthy investment.
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay. You should start your essay with a brief description of the picture and then express your views on the lonely life of aged people. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words。