第一点要求描述图片,  图画、话语评论和图表作文可按照相同模式来处理

 综合新闻     |      2020-01-14 22:19

2019考研英语一英语二作文难度和出题特点与往年相比都保持稳定,没有发生什么很大变化。我们先看英一的大作文。

  再过两天就是2013年12月英语四六级考试了,对于作文这一块,无论考何种形式作文,最简易的处理方式是:有汉语提纲则按照汉语提纲写相应的功能段落,若无汉语提纲则按照话题和内容要求直接写相应的功能表达或自己列出基本提纲再写相应功能表达!图表和图画、书信亦可如此!

  16 Study the following pictures carefully and write an essay in which you should:

先审题:审题分为两部分,一看提纲二看图画。从提纲看,essay要求160-200字,仍旧是最常见的三点提纲,第一点要求描述图片,第二点是阐述意义或内涵,第三点要求给出归纳或评论。从图片上看,这是典型的个人品质类作文,单图。

  图画、话语评论和图表作文可按照相同模式来处理:首段引出话语,图画和图表,并对其内容描述评论;二段写对应现象、意义或危害,尾段写看法和建议并展望!背诵功能表达组合完成作文。

  1. describe the two pictures;

接下来第二步,也是最重要的一步,布局谋篇。根据提纲要求和我们平时的训练,大作文宜采用性价比最高的三段式:一描图二阐述三倡导。需要注意的是,很多同学对第一段的“描图”和第二段的“阐述”界限不清晰,导致描图的时候不由自主加入了很多主观想法,导致第二段无话可说。首段描图段切忌过度解读,“就图论图”才是最好的描述,顺序上遵循从整体到局部,从宏观到细节,最后不要忘记翻译独白文字。

  近年四六级跑题率很高,审题是关键,建议关注1 体裁+话题;2内容要求:英文提示/汉语提纲;3字数。如13年6月六级“Earth provides enough to satisfy every man’s need, but not every man’s greed。” 应关注四类词:名动形副,如earth, satisfy, man, greed等,对应写现象、意义、建议或危害。以下是指导范文,希望广大考生认真学习参考。

  2. interpret their meaning;

本题中只有一个图片不需要对照。从宏观场景看,很显然是两个在爬山。细节看:途中一个人坐在高处的台阶上,书包放在脚下,说“累了,我不想爬了”。另一个人从下面赶上来,递给他一瓶水说:“别呀,休息一下再接着爬”。至此已经基本描述清楚了图示内容,如果有同学胸中有墨,可以继续补充类似人物表情甚至内心活动等信息,但要注意篇幅。

伟德体育官方网站 ,  话题1:老年人孤独生活

  3. point out the consequences for this phenomenon.

第二段是阐述段,“阐述”和“描述”一字之差,要求区别很大。所谓阐述,就是要透过现象看本质,找出图画所想表达的寓意。无论是个人品质类作文还是社会现象类作文,都要求简练提取图画内涵,用一句话说清楚你认为漫画作者想表达的思想,再由点及面,从不同层次或角度抽象论证,或者举实例论证。

  Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay. You should start your essay with a brief description of the picture and then express your views on the lonely life of aged people. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.

  You should write 160~200 words neatly on ANSWER SHEET 2.

本题的图画标题叫“途中”,作为个人品质类作文,大多同学可以很快提取出“坚持”。但是如果仅仅阐述“坚持的重要性”,主题会显得浅薄。因此,略作拓展,从坚持的价值和方法两个方面去阐述,内容会丰富很多。比如这样的主题句:“我们的生活过程就像爬山一样,只有通过调整自己的节奏和坚持我们的目标,才能达到更高的生活境界” 。主题之后便是例证,这里建议使用一个宏观例证和一个具体例证,比如生活中大的梦想的坚持和日常锻炼的坚持。

伟德体育官方网站 1老年人孤独生活

  在写作中,审题这个环节是非常重要的。在图画作文中,我们不仅要仔细审视图画,还应将英文的提纲看清楚。这篇文章配了双图,双图多是表示对比关系,这里是凸显时间的先后。提纲包括三个部分:描写图画、阐释含义和指出后果,这就决定了我们文章的结构走向。Two pictures above describe a story which we would never wish to encounter. In the first one, a large crowd gathered around a man lying on the ground. One person said, “He seems to be drunk.” Another whispered, “His head and hands seem to be bleeding.” In the second picture, a policeman is asking those who were present, “Why didnt send him to hospital?” The first one said, “I was hurrying to work.” The second one said, “I was hurrying to school.”

第三段为倡导段,提出相应的感想和建议,并对全文适度总结。由于倡导段内容与图画具体内容相对独立,很多同学选择了大量使用“模板句”。通用模板句虽然在句式和用词上看起来很漂亮,却会显得空而无物,对前两句的内容缺乏针对性总结。因此,除了结构性或过渡性衔接句可以使用模板句外,具体倡导和总结的内容一定要与前文呼应。比如本题的末段,用一句谚语“人的尽头才是神的开头”作为总结,强调坚持的重要性,并且提出“只有把坚持本身变成一种生活态度,才能最终得到上天的眷顾并丰盛的生命”,前后呼应,完整收官。

  Given is a simple but thought-provoking cartoon: an aged grandma sits in front of mirror, looking at “herself” in the mirror and saying to herself, “I feel rather lonely when my son goes to work and my grandson studies in school.”

  It is quite obvious that the drawer wishes to draw our attention to this most unfavorable social phenomenon. Many people are used to finding all kinds of excuses to shirk their responsibilities of helping those who are in need of help. In their eyes, their own daily businesses are always more important than those of the strangers, even their lives.

最后,关于落笔,根据每个同学练习时养成的习惯,选择在草稿纸上打初稿还是直接上答题卡。无论哪种方式,老师在考前都反复强调,书写工整和卷面整洁对得分的影响,超出评分规则的要求,如同人和人初次见面,第一印象的作用总是大过理性判断。即便基于大纲要求,书写是否整洁也可以导致调档。对于大作文,一档就是四分,加上小作文的一档两分,单书写一项就有六分的赋值空间,不可小视。

  首句功能为:引出图画;之后为图画内容描述,主要是四要素:人/物、动作、文字和环境,写出四要素中的两三点即可。

  This phenomenon will bring a series of harmful consequences. First, when people refuse to take care of the strangers, the danger of accidents will be much higher, because you have only a small group of people to rely on whenever emergency arises. Everyone may come across accidents from time to time, and mutual help will prevent most of them from being destructive. Second, the possibility of attaining a happy life will be much smaller. If everyone only takes his own interests into consideration in face of big events, the society will be full of selfish people. The social cost of achieving success will remain high before cooperation becomes a habit.

参考范文:

  Obviously, this cartoon can be naturally associated with the significance of children’s accompany for aged parents: if elderly people intend to enjoy happiness, it is advisable for their children to spend more time in parents. In contemporary society, it has become a trend for young people to be busy with their work and study. Meanwhile, an increasing number of youngsters find it difficult to have spare time to accompany lonely parents. However, it is adult children’s accompany that enables aged parents to build up adequate hope, love and enthusiasm for life. As a matter of fact, young people in large numbers have not come to realize the loneliness of aged people.

  If any one of us wants to enjoy a happy and secure life, we have to be prepared to extend our helping hands to others including strangers, for helping others is equal to helping ourselves. 这篇文章最终写成了四段,结构非常清晰。第一段分别描写了两副图画,语言简洁流畅。注意这一段不宜过长。

As is vividly portrayed in the cartoon, two people are climbing the mountain together。 One of them sits on a higher step with his backpack beside his feet and complains, “I‘m tired, I don’t want to climb anymore。” However, the partner carrying a bag catches up with him and hands him a bottle of water, he says, “Come on, take a break then continue to climb。” Under the picture lies a caption: On the Way。

  二段首句:图画联系主题;之后if句为图画简单评论;in contemporary society一句为图画所暗含的社会现象;meanwhile一句为相关人+具体感受;however之后为强调句式,论述意义;尾句是万能总结。

  第二段是测度作者的意图,共三句话,第一句是一个经典句型:It is quite obvious that the drawer wishes to draw our attention to… 这句话直指图画所揭示的社会现象,后面两句来具体说明:先说许多人千方百计找理由以逃避帮助他人;然后解释原因,他们认为……注意段中句子之间的逻辑关系,这是非常重要的。

The impressive drawing has profoundly revealed that the process of our life is just like the mountain-climbing and only by adjusting our own pace and persisting in our goals can we reach a higher life realm。 We had lots of dreams when we were kids, but few were realized。 For one thing, all kinds of interference make us give up sticking to dreams。 For another, we haven‘t integrated dreams into our life because of being anxious for success。 The most common instance is that when we want to improve our health or obtain a better figure, majority of us may determine to do exercise, but often end in laziness and various excuses。

  As a youngster, I am convinced that it is of great necessity for us to accompany aged parents, no matter how busy we are. Accordingly, we should educate, advocate and encourage our friends, classmates and acquaintances tolove, respect and care all elderly people. (196 words)

  第三段写了该现象引起的有害的后果,该段的首句是个经典的模板句,后分两点来说明。第一点说明当人们不愿意帮助他人时,事故所造成的危险就会大得多,因为那样的话每个人能依靠的人(即亲人和朋友)是非常有限的。这一点的第二句话是个难句,展现了很强的句子内部的逻辑,希望大家用心学习。这句话的意思是:每个人都会遇到事故,而相互帮助可以避免大部分的事故造成毁灭性的后果。到这里,我们可以看出,思想是由语言表达的,要想深刻地表达思想,一定要多模仿、多操练。第二点是从更广阔的角度去考虑问题,说明获得幸福生活的可能性减小了。社会充满了自私的人们,获得成功的社会成本陡增。

As the saying goes, the end of man is the beginning of God, only those who do their best can get the favor of heaven and enjoy the joy of victory。 It is advisable for us, positive climbers, to view persistence and struggle as a lifestyle。 May we enjoy the richness and beauty of life if we take these cognition into action。

  尾段首句:观点;二句建议;尾句展望未来。

  末段是结语——如果我们想要享受幸福的生活,就应向他人(包括陌生人)伸出援手。

参考译文:

  话题2:网络谣言

  第二段的第二句中的shirk ones responsibility表示“逃避责任”。第三段第二句的emergency表示“紧急情况”。第三句的destructive表示“造成重大损害的”。第五句的in face of表示“面临”。最后一句的cooperation becomes a habit表示“合作成为一种习惯”。1.文章的结构层次一定要清楚,这是充分理解提纲与图画构成语境的结果。

正如图中生动地描绘的那样,两个人一起爬山,他们中的一个坐在更高的台阶上,背包在他的脚边,抱怨说:“我累了,我不想再爬了。”然而,背着包的伙伴赶上了他并递给他一瓶水说:“别呀,休息一下继续爬。”在图片下面有一个标题:“在路上”。

  Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay by commenting on the remark “It is unbelievable for people to believe what they should not believe: Internet rumors。” You can cite some examples to illustrate your point. You should write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words.

  2.学习写作主从复合句,充分理解句子内部的逻辑关系。通过本文,重点学习条件状语从句。

这幅令人难忘的卡通深刻地揭示了:我们的生活就像爬山一样,只有通过调整自己的节奏和坚持目标,才能达到更高的生命境界。当我们还是孩子的时候,我们都有很多梦想,但却很少实现。一方面,各种干扰使我们放弃对梦想的坚持;另一方面,由于我们的急功近利,并没有真正将梦想融入生活。最常见的例子是,当我们想要改善我们的健康状况或获得更好的身材时,大多数人都会下决心做运动,但通常都以懒惰和各种借口结束。

  Given is a simple but thought-provoking remark: “it is unbelievable for people to believe what they should not believe: Internet rumors。” Obviously, this saying can be naturally associated with the seriousness of rumors: if we intend to have a positive Internet environment, it is advisable to eliminate/refuse rumors. (51)

  典型的条件状语从句:If everyone only takes his own interests into consideration in face of big events, the society will be full of selfish people.

俗话说,人的尽头才是上帝的开头,只有那些竭尽全力的人才能得到上天的青睐并享受胜利的喜悦。坚持和奋斗应当成为我们的生活方式,做一个积极向上的攀登者。只要将这些认知付诸行动,我们就能体会到生命的丰盛和美好。

  In contemporary society, it has become a trend for individuals to surf the Internet for the information they need. Meanwhile, an increasing number of people find it rather difficult to distinguish the true news from rumors. Searching the Internet, we can notice a great many examples like this: false news, ads and pictures. (危害) Then, it is these rumors that lead the public to be cheated, confused and even panic. As a matter of fact, experts in large numbers have come to realize the importance of Internet honesty.

  嵌套原因状语从句的条件状语从句:If any one of us wants to enjoy a happy and secure life, we have to be prepared to extend our helping hands to others including strangers, for helping others is equal to helping ourselves.

  As a regular Internet surfer, I am convinced that it is of great necessity for government to punish rumor makers. Accordingly, we should educate, advocate and encourage our friends, classmates and acquaintances to refuse making and spreading rumors. Sparing no efforts to do so, we will witness a hopeful and promising future of Internet life.

  话题3:延迟退休

    更多信息请访问:新浪考研频道 考研论坛 考研博客圈

  Directions:For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled Should Retirement Age Be Postponed? You’d write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words. Your writing should be based on the following outline.

  特别说明:由于各方面情况的不断调整与变化,新浪网所提供的所有考试信息仅供参考,敬请考生以权威部门公布的正式信息为准。

  1. 近年来,推迟退休年龄引发人们热议

  2. 推迟退休年龄有利也有弊

  3. 我的看法

  Based on a recent survey on the Internet, a majority of individuals admit that aging society will bring a variety of problems to their life. Along with the trend of longevity, it has become a trend for people to debate whether it is wise to postpone retirement age.

  A number of individuals favor postponing the retirement age. In their eyes, it is this policy that enables the aging society to build up enough work-force. As a matter of fact, people in mounting numbers have come to realize this problem in an aging society. Even so, others hold a different view that postponing retirement age carries some risks. This policy can bring old people stress, but cannot arouse their enthusiasm for work, and cannot help them to enjoy their retirement pension.

  I am convinced that we should take into account the wishes of old people. If those seniors have enthusiasm for work, we should educate, advocate and encourage them to work and perform their tasks; if not, it is advisable for the society to create a comfortable twilight for them. If we try our utmost to do so, the future of old people’ life will be promising and hopeful. (187 words)

  话题4:教育回报

  For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled Education Pays based on the statistics provided in the chart below (Weekly earnings in 2010). Please give a brief description of the chart first and then make comments on it. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.

伟德体育官方网站 2教育回报

  Given is a simple but enlightening chart by US Bureau of Labor: (图表描述万能) in2010,it had become a trend for doctors, masters and bachelors to earn more money in a week in US--- $1551, $1272 and $1038. Meanwhile, we can notice that weekly earnings of college graduates with no degrees, those with high school diploma and people with less than high school diploma were $712, $626 and $444 respectively.

  (注:图表描述没有必要面面俱到,写出大体趋势即可。)

  Obviously, this chart can be naturally associated with the importance of education: if individuals intend to acquire/ gain/ get better earnings, it is advisable for them to gain higher degrees. In contemporary America, it has become a trend for a host of companies/firms/corporations/ organizations to hire doctors and masters and pay them better salaries. It is education that enables them to build up adequate knowledge, skills and ability to deal with important tasks. As a matter of fact, employees and employers in large numbers have come to realize the significance of higher degrees.

  As a college student, I am convinced that it is of great necessity for youngsters to enhance ourselves by studying hard and getting better degrees. Do bear in mind: education is a worthy investment.

  最后,祝各位考生顺利通过四六级考试!

 

 

 

  话题1:老年人孤独生活

  Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay. You should start your essay with a brief description of the picture and then express your views on the lonely life of aged people. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words。